25-27 November 2015
National Centre for Synchrotron Science
Australia/Melbourne timezone

EXAFS study on the structural properties of In and In + C implanted Ge

26 Nov 2015, 13:30
Exhibition space (National Centre for Synchrotron Science)

Exhibition space

National Centre for Synchrotron Science

Australian Synchrotron 800 Blackburn Road Clayton VIC 3168
Board: AM-15
Poster Advanced Materials Poster Session 1


Mr Ruixing Feng (Australian National University)


Ge has been increasingly important in semiconductor application in the recent years, since it has the potential to be an alternative material replacing Si in fabricating metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect-transistor for future metal oxide semiconductor devices. Here we study the effect of Indium concentration on the structural and electrical properties of Ge with or without C co-doping. By using extended x-ray absorption fine structure and x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy, we found that in the case of In implanted Ge, In atoms occupy a substitutional site in the Ge lattice with In concentration ≤ 0.3 at. %, yet when In concentration is ≥ 1 at. %, In precipitates to from metallic particles as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, evidence of an In – Vacancy complex is also apparent with EXAFS. With C co-implantation, x-ray absorption spectra show that In precipitation was suppressed when the In and C concentration are ≥ 1 at. % (also supported by transmission electron microscopy), and evidence of In – C pairing formation was found in EXAFS. Hall Effect measurement also showed that the carrier density significantly increased and In atom activation ratio was improved with C co-implantation. Density Functional Theory was applied to calculate the binding energies of In – In, In – Vacancy and In – C clusters, and it was found that In atoms have a preference to pair with vacancies and C in Ge. The lattice structure of the samples were simulated using Density Functional Theory and compared with the reulsts of XAS.
Keywords Ge, In+ C co-doping, EXAFS, DFT

Primary author

Mr Ruixing Feng (Australian National University)


Dr David Sprouster (Australian National University) Dr Felipe Kremer (Australian National University) Prof. Mark Ridgway (Australian National University) Dr Scott Medling (Australian National University) Ms sahar mirzaei (PhD student)

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