2-5 February 2016
Australia/Melbourne timezone

Neutron diffraction study of double tungstates Li<sub>2</sub>M<sup>II</sup>(WO<sub>4</sub>)<sub>2</sub> (M=Co and Ni)

Not scheduled


Dr Chin-Wei Wang (National Synchrotron Research Center)


Neutron diffraction study of double tungstates Li2MII(WO4)2 (M=Co and Ni) The isostructural Li2Co(WO4)2 and Li2Ni(WO4)2 crystallize in the triclinic structure (space group P-1, Z =1). The crystal structures can be viewed as alternating layers of WO layers and Li-MO layers alone the b-axis. The WO layers built up of edge-sharing WO6 octahedra forming infinite zigzag chains alone the a-axis as in many other tungstates. The edge-sharing LiO6 octahedrons also form infinite chains extending along the c-axis. The divalent ions, Co2+ and Ni2+, are locating in the octahedral oxide environment, in the mesh forming by crossing LiO and WO chains, isolated from each other. Due to the lack of direct connection of the MO6 octahedral, the magnetic coupling between the nearest neighboring M cannot through the strong M-O-M superexchange path (SE). Nevertheless the magnetic coupling can be achieved through more complex pathways, which is bridging by the oxygen ions in LiO6 or WO6. In Li2MII(WO4)2 the weak M-O-O-M pathways, known as super-superexchange (SSE) form complex network with magnetic frustrations, gives raise to complex magnetic behaviors. The temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity clearly mark the two magnetic transition temperatures of each of the two compounds. In Li2Ni(WO4)2 the two magnetic transition temperatures are TN1 = 12.8 K and TN2 = 17.5 K, whereas the slightly lower TN1 = 7.2 K and TN2 = 9.5 K for Li2Co(WO4)2. The magnetic structures have been determined from neutron powder diffraction measurement conducted on Wombat and Echidna at ANSTO. For both compounds the magnetic correlation develops below TN1, as an incommensurate modulation and the magnetic moments order into commensurate super cells below TN2. Both compounds possess collinear antiferromagnetic spin configurations in the magnetic order phases. Surprisingly the magnetic unit cells of the two isostructural compounds are different. The magnetic unit cell of Li2Ni(WO4)2 is (2a b 2c), and the magnetic moment of Ni2+ at 3 K is 1.925 μB , roughly pointing along the a direction. Whereas a much larger magnetic unit cell of (2a 4b 4c) is realized in Li2Co(WO4)2 below TN2. Co spins in the {+ + - -} sequence are observed when moving to the neighboring magnetic sites along b and c-axis. The magnetic moment of Co2+ is 2.836 μB at 5.5 K closely align along the a-axis as well. The different magnetic ground states in the two compounds might be resulted from to the slight differences in the crystal structure and magnetic couplings.

Primary author

Dr Chin-Wei Wang (National Synchrotron Research Center)


Prof. F. C. Chou (Center For Condensed Matter Science, National Taiwan University) Dr Raman Sankar (Center For Condensed Matter Science, National Taiwan University) Dr Sunil Karna (Center For Condensed Matter Science, National Taiwan University)

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