2-5 February 2016
Australia/Melbourne timezone

Electrolytic manganese dioxide from secondary sources suitable for energy storage applications

Not scheduled


Dr Avijit Biswal (Murdoch UNiversity)


Recycling of material from secondary/spent catalysts is utmost essential in the present day1. A novel approach has been made to synthesize electrolytic manganese dioxides (EMD) from secondary sources2, such as manganese cake (EMDCake), manganese leach residue (EMDLR) and cobalt manganese bromide spent catalyst sludge (EMDCMBS). The synthesized materials were characterised using various physico-chemical techniques. X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the presence of γ-phase in all the cases. TEM analysis suggests the presence of needle like grains within the range of 20-40 nm. Electrochemical characterisation carried out by galvanostatic charge-discharge technique revealed that the initial discharge capacity of EMDCake, EMDLR and EMDCMBS were 280, 267 and 240 mAh g-1 respectively in 9M KOH in Zn/MnO2 system. The chemical composition of the EMDs were determined and compared with the BIS standard3 (Bureau of Indian standard, 1996). All the materials found to be suitable for alkaline primary battery applications. The synthesized EMDs are quasi-reversible with continuous charge/discharge cycling. 1. W. Zhang and Y. C. Chu, Hydrometallurgy, 89 (2007) 137. 2. A. Biswal, B. C. Tripathy, K. Sanjay, T. Subbaiah, and M. Minakshi, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 58255. 3. Bureau of Indian Standard 1996, “Manganese dioxide for dry batteries”, IS-11153.

Primary author

Dr Avijit Biswal (Murdoch UNiversity)


Dr Bankim Chandra Tripathy (CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology) Dr Manickam Minakshi (Murdoch University)

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